1-10) Table Completion
1. Daytime Temperature : around 19 degrees
2. Normal Transfer time:40 minutes
3. Every room has suite facilities and a balcony
4. Outdoor swimming pool to swim and play tennis
5. Every evening has someone play piano
6. Restaurant specialize in fish dishes
7. Tour one by helicopter
9. Tropical plant garden
10. Firework displays after dinner
11. B This year, raise money for rebuilt hospital
12. B Temperature: wet summer
14. B well known for 某地
15. C leave detail contact
17. F Car park 开始往北靠着X house
18. D Car park往北一点，分岔路朝左拐到的
19. B Car park 往北至T字路口，周围三个park中最小的一个
20. H 地图中间小路往东拐过了一些树的那个garden (答案仅供参考)
21. B the girl thinks the topic can cover many interests
26. C the boy agrees to let the girl take responsibility
27. B launch new locations(原文：train stations)
28. D Take up opportunities (原文：built bean house )
29. A Offer coffee (原文：first caf6)
30. E Offer new product(原文：organic coffee)
31. Adjust themselves from temperature
32. Minimizing movements
33. Make nests under tree roots
34. Cannot fly: because of heavy bones
35. Causes industry and pollution
37. Lose weight
38. Predators: sharks
39. Seagulls: eat penguin chicks
40. Maintain diversity of genes
1.T Urban development leads to the demand of the replacement of whale oil.原文第一段。
2.F the price of oil is more expensive than containers.
题目：The secret of yawn 打哈欠
题型：摘要填空(无选项)3 + 段落信息配对 5 + 判断3
When a scientist began to study yawning in the 1980s, it was difficult to convince some of his research students of the merits of “yawning science” Although it may appear quirky, his decision to study yawning as a logical extension to human beings of my research in developmental neuroscience, reported in such papers as “Wing-flapping during Development and Evolution”. As a neurobehavioral problem, there is not much difference between the wing-flapping of birds and the face-and body-flapping of human yawners.
Yawning is an ancient, primitive act. Humans do it even before they are born, opening wide in the womb. Some snakes unhinge their jaws to do it. One species of penguins yawns as part of mating. Only now are researchers beginning to understand why we yawn, when we yawn and why we yawn back. A professor of cognitive neuroscience at Drexel University in Philadelphia,Steven Platek, studies the act of contagious yawning, something done only by people and other primates.
In his first experiment, he used a psychological test to rank people on their empathic feelings. He found that participants who did not score high on compassion did not yawn back. We literally had people saying, “Why am I looking at people yawning?” Professor Platek said. “It just had no effect.”
For his second experiment, he put 10 students in a magnetic resonance imaging machine as they watched video tapes of people yawning. When the students watched the videos, the part of the brain which reacted was the part scientists believe controls empathy - the posterior cingulate, in the brain’s middle rear. I don’t know if it’s necessarily that nice people yawn more, but I think it’s a good indicator of a state of mind,” said Professor Platek.“It’s also a good indicator if you’re empathizing with me and paying attention.”
His third experiment is studying yawning in those with brain disorders, such as autism and schizophrenia, in which victims have difficulty connecting emotionally with others. A psychology professor at the University of Maryland.Robert Provine, is one of the few other researchers into yawning. He found the basic yawn lasts about six seconds and they come in bouts with an interval of about 68 seconds. Men and women yawn or half-yawn equally often, but men are significantly less likely to cover their mouths which may indicate complex distinction in genders. “A watched yawner never yawns.” Professor Provine said. However, the physical root of yawning remains a mystery. Some researchers say it’s coordinated within the hypothalamus of the brain, the area that also controls breathing.
Yawning and stretching also share properties and may be performed together as parts of a global motor complex. But they do not always occur–people usually yawn when they stretch, but we don’t always stretch when we yawn, especially before bedtime. Studies by J. I. P , G. H. A. Visser and H. F. Prechtl in the early 1980s,charting movement in the developing fetus using ultrasound, observed not just yawning but a link between yawning and stretching as early as the end of the first prenatal trimester.
The most extraordinary demonstration of the yawn-stretch linkage occurs in many people paralyzed on one side of their body because of brain damage caused by a stroke. The prominent British neurologist Sir Francis Walshe noted in 1923 that when these hemiplegics yawn, they are s tartled and mystified to observe that their otherwise paralyzed arm rises and flexes automatically in what neurologists term an “associated response”. Yawning apparently activates undamaged, unconsciously controlled connections between the brain and the cord motor system innervating the paralyzed limb. It is not known whether the associated response is a positive prognosis for recovery, nor whether yawning is therapeutic for reinnervation or prevention of muscular atrophy.
Clinical neurology offers other surprises. Some patients with “locked-in” syndrome, who are almost totally deprived of the ability to move voluntarily, can yawn normally. The neural circuits for spontaneous yawning must exist in the brain stem near other respiratory and vasomotor centers, because yawning is performed by anencephalia who possess only the medulla oblongata. The multiplicity of stimuli of contagious yawning, by contrast, implicates many higher brain regions.
Complete the summary paragraph described below. In boxes 28032 on your answer sheet, write the correct answer with NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.
A psychology professor drew a conclusion after observation that it takes about six seconds to complete an average yawning which needs 28............... before a following yawning comes. It is almost at the same frequency that male and female yawn or half, yet behavior accompanied with yawning showing a 29............... in genders. Some parts within the brain may affect the movement which also have something to do with 30............... .Another finding also finds there is a link between yawn and31............... before a baby was born, which two can be automatically co-operating even among people whose 32............... is damaged.
Reading paragraph A-H, Which paragraph contains the following information?
With the correct letter A-H for question 33-37
NB You may use any letter more than once
33 The rate for yawning shows some regular pattern.
34 Yawning is an inherent ability that appears in both animals and humans.
35 Stretching and yawning are not always going together.
36 Yawning may suggest people are having positive notice or response in communicating.
37 Some superior areas in brain may deal with the infectious feature of yawning.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3?
In boxes 38-40 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement is true
FALSE if the statement is false
NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage
38 Several students in Platek`s experiment did not comprehend why their tutor ask them to yawn back.
39 Some result from certain experiment indicate the link between yawning and compassion.
40 Yawning can show an affirmative impact on the recovery from brain damage brought by a stroke.
28 68 seconds 29 (complex) distinction 30 breathing 31 stretch/stretching
32 brain 33 E 34 B 35 F 36 D 37 H 38 NOT GIVEN 39 YES 40 NO
Do you like to listen to music?
What kinds of music do you like?
Have you been to a concert or live performance?
What are the differences between listening to live music and from recordings?
What kinds of music are popular in China?
Is music an important subject at school in China?
How often do you use computer?
What kinds of computers are popular in China?
What do you usually use your computer for?
Who taught you how to use a computer?
Do you think computers have changed your life a lot?
Do you use the internet (very much)?
When was the first time you used the internet?
Is the internet very important (or, useful) to you?
Do think you can (or, could) live without the internet?
Do you often (or, do you ever) buy things on the internet?
What app do you hope to have?
Do you want to make an app by your own?
What kinds of apps do you often use?
What kinds of apps do you want to have?
Do you often use apps on cellphones?
What kind of apps do you ecpect in the future?
What do you do in your spare time?
Do you like outdoor activities?
What outdoor activity do you like to do?
How often do you do that?
How much time do you spend outdoor every week?
Will you do physical exercise?
What kind of physical exercise do you like?
Will you keep doing physical exercise in the future?
Do people around you often do exercise?
Do young people in your country often do exercise?
What’s your favourite way to relax?
Do the old like to do the same activities?
Do you have enough time to relax?
Do you think it’s important to have leisure time?
Does it rain much in China?(Where? When?)
Is there any part of China where it doesn’t rain much?
When does it rain most in your hometown?
In which season does it rain most in other parts of China?
Can you remember any time when it rained particularly heavily in your hometown?
What’s the best season of the whole year?
What do people nomally do in that season?
What sorts of weather do you like the most?
Do you prefer hot or cold weather?
Do you usually pay attention to weather forecasts?
When do you usually get up?
How long do you think it is healthy to sleep?
What can you do to improve sleeping quality?
How much sleep do you think is good for health?
Do you think old people sleep longer than young people? Why?
(11)News and Newspaper
Do you like reading newspapers?
What’s the importance of reading news?
Do you read newspaper often?
What kind of newspapers are there in your country?
Do you prefer local or international news?
What’s the difference between local new and international news?
1.A popular person.
2.A visitor in your home.
3.A achievable sportperson you admire.
4.A famous/important river in your country.
5.A public facility that you think need improvements.
6.A city or country you want to live the most in the future.
7.A photo that you remember well.
8.A childhood toy you had.
9.Something special that you saved money to buy.
10.A TV series/drama you enjoy watching.
2018年1月13日雅思写作考试机经-Writing Task 1
题目: Age structure of population of a European country between 1901 and 1981 and a prediction in 2021.
由于考生回忆有限，数据有待整理，但是表将来的词组考生需要掌握，比如be expected to, be predicted to, be projected to等。
2018年1月13日雅思写作考试机经-Writing Task 2
Some people believe that employers should not be concerned about dress, while others think the working quality is the most important. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
参考范文(Word Count: 266)
Dressing style of employees is creating a controversy debate these days. Few organizations are concerned about dressing code while others are opposing it and confessing as efficiency of work should be considered than their look. I believe, appropriate looking appearance of workers is important, nevertheless, quality of work also plays a crucial role.
Many famous organizations assign a remarkable budget to the clothes and uniforms of their members. According to their annual estimate indices, their success directly is in relation with members appearance. Moreover, those indices show that people have tendency more to that organization have attraction in the appearance. It seems that appropriate dresses and good looking in work place not only increase the success, but also, they make there more beautiful and it may lead to better performance of the members.
On the other hand, other organizations value the efficiency of their employees, more. In their belief, the performance of each one is in prior of their looking. For example, employees in many companies wear a very simple uniform, however the mentioned companies program many professional courses to enhance the employee’s ability.
Personally, I believe the question depends on the organization activities. I mean the ones are directly working with people, like shopping centers and department stores, hospitals, and so on, value the appearance more. People expect the beauty and they have to answer to this request in the best manner. In contrast with this the organizations, which work with people indirectly, tend to focus on the performance. Employees of companies, workshops and so on have to improve their ability, not to dress smartly.