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托福机经回顾
lobal education
2017年2月18日托福真题机经回顾解析
2017-05-02 17:17:02点击: 1953

  2017年2月的考试已经开启,2017年托福考试发生了哪些变化?2017年2月18日托福考试考了哪些内容?广大托福考生们肯定迫不及待的找到2月18日托福考试机经回忆和答案。环球教育教研中心的名师们在第一时间为大家送上2017年2月18日托福听说读写题型解析的机经回忆及答案,希望能够对大家雅思备考有所帮助!

  2017年2月18日托福听力机经回顾解析

  托福考试听力部分包含两个对话和四段演讲。每个对话涉及2个或2个以上的说话者,每个对话对应5道试题;每段演讲对应6道试题。听力部分共包括34道试题。每道试题是1至2分,共34至36分。听力部分的时间大约是20分钟。每个对话是2至3分钟,每个演讲是4至6分钟。考生可以在听录音的过程中做笔记帮助答题。

  Conversation 1

  话题分类: History teacher and students

  内容回忆:学生找历史老师问问题,要找一些课上要用的资料,老师建议她去史料馆查询,学生不知道ID 密码,老师说会以发邮件的形式告知密码;学生还担心自己的drawing skill,老师安慰她说书上有Greek art and photocopies可供参考等,解决了学生的疑问。

  ConversaConversation 2

  话题分类: the manager of Radio Station and student

  内容回忆: 女生去找电台管理员,提出一些建议,建议播放一些有关Green frog和the growth rate of aquatic plant水生植物话题的科学栏目,管理员告诉她近期播放节目的情况,并且告诉她要去获得一些职工的批准。

  Lecture 1

  学科分类: Biology

  标题:蝴蝶的两个成长时期

  内容回忆: 教授讲述了蝴蝶的两个生长时期及其特征,年幼时期为caterpillar,成年时期会产卵broods,环境特征会影响产卵的地点,而且成年的蝴蝶产卵数量也不同等。

  Lecture 2

  学科分类: Architecture

  标题: Green Architecture

  内容回忆:教授采取师生互动的方式,探讨了Green Architecture的话题,跟传统的integrated building 相比,绿色建筑的优点是环保,而且能与周边环境十分和谐,但是需要cost more money,不是那么经济。

  Lecture 3

  学科分类: Psychology

  标题: 孩子和成人认知的差异

  内容回忆: 教授先用自己的例子引入cognitive 的话题,再举出两个孩子的例子,分别是candy experiment 和 doll experiment来证明孩子和成人认知的差异,其中讲到了false belief,阐述了认知的特征。

  Lecture 4

  学科分类:Geography

  标题: 火山研究

  内容回忆: 教授围绕三种火山,讲述了表层火山活动因为不同的地理位置特征而发生变化,其中重点讲了Southern Washington cascade conductor还有geyser的影响。

 

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  2017年2月18日托福写作机经回顾解析

  托福考试写作部分包括两道试题,需在大约50分钟的时间内完成。独立写作试题部分需30分钟的时间,需要考生根据自己的知识和经验陈述、解释并支持对待某一问题的某个看法。通常有效的回答应是一篇300个单词左右的作文。此外,考生有20分钟的时间来总结听力材料中的要点,并解释这些要点与阅读材料中的要求有何不同。

  综合写作

  土星的卫星Titan有3个unusual features 难以解释。

  Reading:

  土星的卫星,Titan,和其他的卫星有相似之处,但是也有一些不寻常无法解释的特征。

  1. unusual orbit 普通的卫星运转是circular环形的轨道,但是Titan卫星运转时是 elliptical orbit椭圆轨道。

  2. massive depression Titan表层周边有很多depression and crater洼地和坑,正常来讲,一般是由火山活动和碰撞造成的,但是没有证据显示周边有火山,碰撞的话也应在随机位置。

  3. sand dunes Titan赤道附近有很多沙丘,沙丘的方向一般是和风向相符的,但是Titan的沙丘斜面朝东,但是一般表层风向确是朝向西的。

  Listening:

  这些现象都可以解释的。

  1. Titan不是一个单一的卫星,周边的卫星群相互作用,相互影响,就使得它呈现椭圆形轨道。

  2. 洼地和坑不是火山和碰撞造成的,而是强降雨导致的。

  3. 沙丘方向和风向确实相符,它上面的沙丘确实斜面朝东,那是因为暴风改变风向把沙吹往东边的。

  Sample Answer:

  The reading raises three unusual features of Titan, which are puzzling. The listening,

  however, strongly insist that those features are explainable.

  The first feature mentioned in the reading is its elliptical orbit which is different from the common satellites whose orbit is circular. This phenomena is explained by the listening which reminds us that there are other satellites which move around Titan. The nearby satellites could exert influence on titan, hence leading to the elliptical phenomena.

  As to the second point, it is believed in the reading that the usual feature of massive depression, which should have been caused by volcanic eruption, but there is no volcano on Titan. The listening pushes forward another theory that instead of being caused by volcanic eruption and collision, the massive depression and crater formed as a result of storm. The reading, therefore, is wrong again.

  Lastly, the reading is of the view that the sand tunes near the Titan’s equator should be in the same direction with the wind direction but the opposite is true. It is admitted in the listening that the direction of sand tunes is originally in conformity to the wind direction. What’s more, it is true that the top sand tunes point to the east, which is in a reverse direction to the wind. But the truth is that under the influence of the storm, its direction has been changed. As a result, the last phenomena is also explainable.

  (240 words)

  独立写作

  Topic: Sometimes we are assigned to work in a group on a project. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The group will be helped more by person who will be willing to do what other group members want than by person who often strongly insists that things should be done in a way that is different from what the group wants to do.

  解题思路:Agree

  • 这样做有助于团队成员关系和谐,达成一致。

  • 有利于团队明确的分工,提高整体工作效率。

  • 诚然,这样做的话可能彰显不出个人独特之处,但是从团队整体来讲,团队成员的最终目的都是为了提高工作效率,因此要顾全大局。

  2017年2月18日托福写作题型解析

  Sample Answer:

  As the core power of a group, the group members are obliged to spare no efforts to push forward the project in progress. However, the members of a group encompass people of different characteristics, divergent way of thinking and working styles, as a result of which, someone may unconditionally follow the group's orders, while someone maybe always critical about them. As far as I am concerned, the former is more favorable when considering benefiting the whole group.

  Primarily and undeniably, a higher working efficiency could be achieved if the group members could comply with the whole group’s rules and targets. During the process of accomplishing a project, team cooperation is of great significance, which could be realized by the wholehearted dedication of all members with their divergence being eliminated. Evidently, team cooperation is in direct proportion to the working efficiency of the group. By contrast, if a group member, when assigned tasks, always goes against the whole group’s progressing direction and working targets, a bunch of time will be wasted. What’s worse, direct conflict may arise, which brings forth great obstacles standing in the way before the project is started. It is due to such a disagreement within the group that exerts side effects on the working efficiency.

  Apart from working efficiency, another important benefit of choosing a compliant group member is all team members will work with greater impetus. Compared with harmony, disagreement never fail to fuel bias and possibly discrimination, hence creating a negative state of mind. Under such circumstance, almost everyone loses the impetus and motivation to struggle in the group, no matter how ambitious and aggressive they are before. Just imagine, an English association is going to conduct an English speaking contest. Every member of the group is allocated with certain assignment like purchasing required necessities, site layout, selecting the contestants and so on, with the purpose of guaranteeing the smooth progression of the contest. If someone of them refuses to accept the assignment by arguing that things should be arranged in another way, it may turn out to be great hazard to the morale of the group especially when others are in agreement with the plans. Needless to say, morale is to a group what soul is to humankind.

  I tend to concede that some novel ideas and inspirations may turn out to be new blood for the whole group, but that should not be an excuse for not obeying what the majority of the members insist. Just as an old saying goes: the minority is subject to the majority. Those bearing different considerations should put the collective in the first place.

  From what has been discussed above, it is safe to draw the conclusion that a member willing to do what other group members want is more favorable for a group, not only for a higher working efficiency but also for a greater impetus.

  (480 words)

 

 

 

  2017年2月18日托福口语机经回顾解析

  托福考试口语部分共有6题,总时间约为15分钟。第1题和第2题为独立回答题,准备时间为15秒,回答问题时间为45秒。问题会被朗读出来,同时会出现在屏幕上。第3题和第4题要求考生先阅读一段文字,然后再听一段与阅读文字在内容上相关的听力材料,最后考生按照要求回答相关问题。通常一道题是情景题,另一道是学术题。

  Task 1

  1. Which of following aspects do you think contributes most to country's success

  1.many business opportunities

  2.well rounded medical care system

  3.a developed educational system

  Task 2

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the popularity of the technology

  that focuses on entertainment, people read fewer books than before.

  Task 3

  阅读标题: top chemistry student should receive money

  原因1:encourages students to work harder

  原因2:make use of 100.000 dollar recently donated to the chemistry department

  听力态度:disagree

  原因1:目前能够得到证书已经是很好的鼓励了。给了钱也无法比现在更努力

  原因2:可以买一些设备。现在学院的设备比较old and outdated ,买新设备可以让所有的学生获益。

  Task 4

  阅读

  标题:student centered teaching

  定义:以学生为中心的教育方式,改变过去老师授课学生照着学的方式。增加学生的学习动力。

  听力例子:教授的女儿anna 12岁的时候去学吉他,一开始老师演示,她学,但是总是分神并day dreaming ,效果不好,后来老师换成让她回家录制自己喜欢的歌拿来学,anna学的很有兴趣,进步很大

  Task 5

  问题:与校长的晚宴不知道穿什么好

  解决方案1:买一套西装

  优点1:之后面试也可以穿

  缺点1:需要花时间,而最近有更多考试,不想花太多时间

  解决方案2:穿一些其他的体面一些的衣服就好

  优点2:省时间

  缺点2:害怕不够正式

  Task 6

  话题:用费洛蒙沟通的两种方式

  要点1:可以用费洛蒙沟通位置信息

  例子1:寻找食物的蜜蜂可释放费洛蒙,住在蜂巢里的接受并传出自己位置

  要点2:可以用来交配

  例子2:例如雌性moth 释放费洛蒙,雄性接受。

 

 

 

  2017年2月18日托福阅读机经回顾解析

  Passage One agricultural revolution

  学科分类:农业

  题目:农业革命

  内容回忆:本文共四段。第一段讲了传统是用scratch plow 耕作,但是并不适用于北欧的坚硬土地。有几项重要的生产方式革新影响了农业革命的发生。第2段说明了horseshoe 的发明有助于马能够站的更稳。新的collar 套在马的肩背上脖子上也使得马不窒息,更容易使力。第3段说明传统的scratch plow 只能在松软的土地上工作,发明了heavy plow 可以使得在硬地上工作。鉴于以往的田地都是正方形的,但是heavy plow 很难掉头,所以将田地改成了欧洲典型的长条田地。而且heavy plow 需要合作才能推动。第4段说明了轮作方式由一年两次改为了一年三次大大增加了种植的总面积。而且春季的豆子可以给田地带来更多的养料。第五段说明了这些农业方式对社会生活的改变。人们比以前更依赖于合作。

  词汇题:

  1. Distinctive = unique

  2. Isolated = separated

  3. Allied = related

  Passage Two printing revolution

  学科分类:历史

  题目:打印革命史

  内容回忆:共四段。第1段说明宗教革命与打印机息息相关。Martin luther的宗教革命期间大量的新宗教的小册子和宣传海报流传。第2段 打印机革命与papemaking.有重大关联。以往的打印都在动物的皮毛上,十分昂贵且不方便。后来才换成纸张。第3段,与goldsmith行业的创新有关。打印所需的heavy metal 要求的技术性很高。需要转换成soft metal 的沾染上墨水的活印。除了press比较便宜之外,其余都比较贵。例如一部圣经的价格相当于一座房子了。因此一开始是商人自己找市场,但一开始后,迅速在欧洲蔓延。当时流行的主要书种是宗教和哲学方面的书。第4段说明打印机变革带来的社会影响。语言上通过重复使得语言标准化。法律更能统一的推行。教育方式和法律培训方式也受到了改变。

  词汇题:

  1. Compilation =collection

  2. Disperse = widespread

  3. Annul =yearly

  Passage Three a evolution of grassland and herbivores

  学科分类:生物

  题目:草场与食草动物的进化

  内容回忆:第1段讲到草比起其它植物的优势之处是它成功的防御机制。草被切割时,损失的是它生命生长中最不重要的一部分,而把最basal的部分保留了下来。第2段讲到传统观点认为是气候变化造成了了草场的进化。草场生长于在prairie and savanna 分布的更加广泛,而在canopy forest 较为少见。后者的生长环境更为湿润。以前认为气候变化造成草场进化,进而造成食草动物的进化。第3段反对理论指出可能是食草动物的进化造成了草场。比如新西兰某地气候适宜草场发展,可是是在人类引入了食草动物之后草场才广泛发展的;第4段说有可能是食草动物的进化导致了那些草场的发展,因为其它的植物并不具备足够的防御机制来满足它们的需求。

  词汇题:

  1. Herbivores = animals who eats grass

  2. Subsequent = followed

  3. Observation = finding

  4. Vulnerable =unprotected

  以上就是由环球教育教研中心一线名师们为同学们整理的2017年2月18日托福听说读写机经解析的全部内容,大家可以根据内容以及以前的机经进行复习。

  想要获取更多最新托福机经>>>2017年托福机经汇总

 

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